You all must have heard about Linux. The free opensource operating systems used everywhere around the world, anywhere some scientific work is being performed.
But do you understand what Linux is?
Linux is the family of operating systems based on the Linux kernel, an operating system kernel first released on September 17, 1991, by the legendary Linus Torvalds. The Linux in itself was another name for rebellion against the concealed world, being the open-source software it supports the philosophy of
So basically what LINUX is, it’s just a kernel developed by millions of volunteers around the globe and maintained and managed by the original creator Linus Torvalds.
Now the operating systems that you use like
- Mint, etc. etc.
These all are developed using Linux at their HEART hence inheriting the name Linux OS.
But do you really understand how vast is the ocean of Linux distros?
To understand this let’s characterize Linux distributions according to their parent Distro or according to the package management system they are based upon.
But first, what is a package manager?
Majorly Linux distributions are categorised using two different filesystems.
.deb based and .rpm based
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Red Hat Linux and SUSE Linux were the original major distributions that used the .rpm file format, which is today used in several package management systems. Both of these were later divided into commercial and community-supported distributions. Red Hat Linux was divided into a community-supported but Red Hat-sponsored distribution named Fedora, and a commercially supported distribution called Red Hat Enterprise Linux, whereas SUSE was divided into openSUSE and SUSE Linux Enterprise
Fedora is a community supported distribution. It aims to provide the latest software while maintaining a completely Free Software system.
Debian Linux is a distribution that emphasizes free software. It supports many hardware platforms. Debian and distributions based on it use the .deb package format and the dpkg package manager and its frontends (such as apt-get or synaptic).
Debian (Testing) based
Ubuntu is a distribution based on Debian, designed to have regular releases, a consistent user experience and commercial support on both desktops and servers.
These Ubuntu variants simply install a set of packages different from the original Ubuntu, but since they draw additional packages and updates from the same repositories as Ubuntu, all of the same software is available for each of them.
Debian (Stable) based
and this is just the tip of the iceberg.
Here in the bottom graphic, you can see a detailed description of various Linux distributions according to the timeline !!
Such is the vastness of our beloved Operating Systems!